Political Dictionaries and Glossaries
Dictionary links on various political terms and definitions
Latest news from Science Daily
Spread of local taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages is likely
Since 2014, seven U.S. municipal or county jurisdictions have adopted excise taxes to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, but no such taxes have been passed at the state or federal level. A new viewpoint evaluates reasons for success or failure and whether such local taxes are likely to spread.
Pope's encyclical boosted his credibility on climate change, especially among liberals
The Pope's 2015 encyclical on climate change did not directly influence people's beliefs about the seriousness of climate change or its effect on the poor, a study has found. The papal message did, however, indirectly influence people's beliefs about climate change by raising the Pope's credibility on that issue, most strongly among liberals.
Twitter could have predicted the outcome of the Brexit vote
Leave campaigners were not only victorious in the June 2016 Brexit vote but also in the battle of the Twittersphere, a new study reports.
Polling is still best predictor of election outcomes, study suggests
Donald Trump's surprising election as president of the United States was viewed by some people as evidence that electoral polling no longer works, but researchers report they have developed models using global polling data that can correctly predict up to 90 percent of election outcomes around the world.
Moral values influence level of climate change action
Two moral values highly rated by liberals — compassion and fairness — influence willingness to make personal choices to mitigate climate change’s impact in the future, according to a new multidisciplinary study. The findings also suggest that a moral value rated more highly by conservatives – purity – also appears to have a positive effect, though not as pronounced as compassion and fairness.
Legalizing marijuana will harm health of youth in Canada, study shows
The Canadian federal government's bill C-45 to legalize marijuana in Canada will jeopardize the health of young people and Parliament should vote against it, argues a new article.
China faces science reform challenges, including favoritism
In this Policy Forum, Cong Cao and Richard P. Suttmeier highlight the immense work and challenges China will encounter as it attempts to reform its scientific and technological development strategy.
Women in a tenure committee may even make it more difficult for a woman to get a job
Having women in scientific committees may decrease women’s opportunities to get a nomination for a professor. According to a study from Finland, male evaluators become less favorable toward female candidates as soon as a female evaluator joins the committee. At the same time, female evaluators are not significantly more favorable toward female candidates.
March participants interested in both promoting, defending science
Encouraging science-based policies and defending science from political attacks are strong motivators for March for Science participants, according to a new survey. Fully 93 percent of respondents said 'opposing political attacks on the integrity of science' would be a very important reason for participating in a March for Science event; 97 percent named 'encouraging public officials to make policies based on scientific facts and evidence' a top priority.
Link between immigration coverage, partisan identity
Studies are often conducted on how media messages impact individuals’ opinions, but very few have demonstrated how these messages shift political opinions and political identities of a larger group of people, until now.